Svalbard Global Seed Vault – On Spitsbergen island
Svalbard Global Seed Vault – Global seed bank on the island of Spitsbergen, in the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago. In the Arctic Sea, approx. 1000 km north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. In permafrost, a tunnel was drilled for about 150 meters and a warehouse with an area of 1000 m². There is room for 4.5 million seeds. Only for edible plants that are important for scientific research or biodiversity. Currently there are just over a million, representing about 5,000. species. Seed storage is free – donors (individual countries and scientific organizations) are still the owners of the seeds. The Kingdom of Norway only provides a place for storage. The location and construction of the bank protect valuable seeds against wars, natural disasters and climate change.
The building is monitored by motion sensors and cameras. Access to the interior of the warehouse is protected by armored doors, digital locks and walls of reinforced concrete, 1 m thick. It is located at a depth of 90 meters below the Plataberget mountain. Covered with snow and permafrost. It has been designed so that even without power the seeds will remain frozen for 200 years.
Only visible element of the structure is a concrete gate with armored doors. Above which is an artistic installation with 200 optical fibers.
Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis – Thimmamma marrimanu
Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis – Called Thimmamma Marrimanu, it is the tree with the largest crown surface. It grows near the Indian city of Kadiri. The crown of this tree covers an area of up to 19 thousand. square meters. 1.9 hectares.
Vertical shoots sprout from the horizontal branches of the tree. Which grow into the ground and form additional trunks. Thimmamma Marrimanu has about 1100 of them.