Giant Wisteria – In California largest in the world

Giant WisteriaGiant WisteriaGiant WisteriaGiant WisteriaWistaria Festival 2016 - Sierra MadreWistaria Festival 2016

Giant Wisteria – In California largest in the world

Giant Wisteria – In California largest of world. In the wild state occurs, among others in Japan and the USA. It resembles a tree, but it is actually a climbing plant of the bean family. One of the most famous specimens is found in Ashikaga Park in Japan. It is supported by special piles. It is 150 years old and is recognized as the oldest plant of this species in the whole country. Although it covers an area of nearly 2 thousand. m², it is still more than half the size of the largest in the world. Record holder is growing in Sierra Madre, California. It covers an area of nearly 4 thousand. m², which corresponds to more than half of the football field. Its weight is estimated at about 259 tons. It’s about the same as the weight of 5 trucks loaded to the brim.

Svalbard Global Seed Vault – On Spitsbergen island

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Storage containers - (27-02-2008)

Aluminium bags for seed storage - (20-05-2007)

Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen - (30-09-2011)

Svalbard Global Seed Vault – On Spitsbergen island

Svalbard Global Seed Vault – Global seed bank on the island of Spitsbergen, in the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago. In the Arctic Sea, approx. 1000 km north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. In permafrost, a tunnel was drilled for about 150 meters and a warehouse with an area of ​​1000 m². There is room for 4.5 million seeds. Only for edible plants that are important for scientific research or biodiversity. Currently there are just over a million, representing about 5,000. species. Seed storage is free – donors (individual countries and scientific organizations) are still the owners of the seeds. The Kingdom of Norway only provides a place for storage. The location and construction of the bank protect valuable seeds against wars, natural disasters and climate change.

The building is monitored by motion sensors and cameras. Access to the interior of the warehouse is protected by armored doors, digital locks and walls of reinforced concrete, 1 m thick. It is located at a depth of 90 meters below the Plataberget mountain. Covered with snow and permafrost. It has been designed so that even without power the seeds will remain frozen for 200 years.

Only visible element of the structure is a concrete gate with armored doors. Above which is an artistic installation with 200 optical fibers.

Sweet Potato – Alerts other plants

Sweet PotatoSweet PotatoSweet PotatoSweet PotatoSweet PotatoBatata L-shaped - (08-11-2017)L-shaped - (08-11-2017)National Cancer Institutes - (16-04-2004)

Sweet Potato – Alerts other plants

Sweet potato – This is a popular plant cultivated in the tropical zone, and came to Europe thanks to Christopher Columbus. Has no spikes or produces poison. It would seem that is defenseless against herbivorous insects. However, these appearances. New research shows that after its leaf is bitten, the batata produces a chemical substance. Which not only warns the rest of the plant, but also those adjacent to it. As a result of this alarm, plants produce chemicals that make them inedible for insects. Scientists say the discovery is the first step towards producing a natural, batata-derived pesticide.

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii - Bengkulu - 21-April-2015Rafflesia Arnoldii - Lake-Maninjau - Sumatra-Indonesia - 1-09-99Rafflesia ArnoldiiModel of Rafflesia flower - Lee Kong Chian - Natural History Museum Singapore - 08-08-2015

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest individual flower on Earth. It doesn’t have its own stems, leaves or roots. Parasites on vines of the Cissus genus, related to the vine. Deriving water and nutrients from the hosts. Rafflesia grows in a thicket of tropical jungles in Borneo and Sumatra.
It reaches a weight of 11 kg and a diameter of one meter. It consists of five fleshy, red, white speckled petals. Inside, it finds a few liters of nectar, and spike-like creations with an unknown function.
Rafflesia emit a specific, bad smell to rotten meat. In this way it attracts pollinating beetles and flies. That’s why the people of Indonesia call it a corpse flower. It blooms for 5-7 days, every few years. However, if pollinated, it produces round fruit. Containing thousands of tiny seeds.

Giant Mammoth – Sequoiadendron giganteum

Giant Mammoth - Sequoiadendron giganteum - General ShermanGiant Mammoth - General ShermanSequoiadendron giganteum - (General Sherman)

Giant Mammoth – Sequoiadendron giganteum – „General Sherman”

Giant Mammoth – Sequoiadendron giganteum – „General Sherman” – It is a tree with the largest trunk volume, i.e. thickness. It is 1,487 cubic meters. That is roughly the same as the total thickness of the trunks of all trees growing in an average, 5 – hectare, 120-year-old pine stand. The mass of this tree is estimated at 1900 tons.

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum

Mexican cypress - Taxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del TuleMexican cypress - El Árbol del TuleTaxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del Tule

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum – „El Árbol del Tule”

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum – The thickest tree in the world, called „El Árbol del Tule”. Which grows in Santa Maria del Tule, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It is the Mexican cypress ( Taxodium mucronatum ). Which in 1519 aroused the delight of Ferdinand Cortez himself. Today, the circumference of the trunk of Cypress from Tule is about 42 m, which is equal to over 14 m in diameter.

Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis

Bengal ficus - Ficus benghalensis - Thimmamma marrimanu

Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis – Thimmamma marrimanu

Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis – Called Thimmamma Marrimanu, it is the tree with the largest crown surface. It grows near the Indian city of Kadiri. The crown of this tree covers an area of up to 19 thousand. square meters. 1.9 hectares.
Vertical shoots sprout from the horizontal branches of the tree. Which grow into the ground and form additional trunks. Thimmamma Marrimanu has about 1100 of them.