Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity

Evergreen plants secrets - Tree infested by MistletoeEvergreen plants secrets - Entrance to High Castle, MalborkEvergreen plants secrets - Common ivy (Hedera helix) - Botanical Garden of University in WroclawEvergreen plants secrets - Holly in winterEvergreen plants secrets - Holly (Ilex aquifolia) plantation
Evergreen plants secrets - Hollies (Ilex aquifolia) - Along Westside Linear TrailHolly (Ilex aquifolia)Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)Ribes viburnifolium - Botanical Garden in El Chorro Regional ParkRibes viburnifolium - University of California - UC Davis Arboretum

Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity

Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity – Adapting it to winter conditions. They do it, among others preventing the formation of intracellular ice crystals. Their specific structure also helps them to survive the difficult conditions.
Conifer pins are narrow, which reduces the evaporation surface and prevents water loss. In this trees, the pins covers with a thick layer of wax skin, and the buds covers with thick shells. This makes the conifers able to survive even the most severe frosts.
Green in winter also remain, among others mosses, club moss, and some shrubs, such as rhododendrons. The leaves of the latter covers a special protective layer, and additionally, on frosty and sunny days, they curl or change from horizontal to vertical. This limits the amount of light reaching them. As a result, their evaporation surface is reduced and the plant protects itself against moisture loss.

Wintering plants – Systematics of Christen Raunkiaer

Wintering plants - Life forms after Raunkiaer

Wintering plants - Raunkiaer Christen

Wintering plants - Table of Raunkiaer lifeforms

Wintering plants – The systematics of Christen Raunkiaer

Wintering plants – The systematics of Christen Raunkiaer – A classification system created by the Danish botanist Christian Raunkiaer in 1905. He divides plants according to how they survive the unfavorable season. Depending on how their buds are arranged and protected, Raunkiaer has distinguished five types:

Wintering plants - Corylus avellana male catkins in winterWintering plants - Corylus avellanaPhanerophyte (open bud) – durable plants, woody shoots with winter-hardy buds located more than 50 cm above the ground (eg trees and shrubs).
Wintering plants - Saxifraga wahlenbergii - West Tatra MountainsWintering plants - Saxifraga wahlenbergiiHemicryptophyte (ground buds) – perennials whose wintering buds are placed on the shoots near the soil surface. Live or dead leaves and snow cover protect them.
Wintering plants - Crocuses in the snowTwo Crocuses in the snowCryptophyte (cache-donuts)plants, the ground part of which dies completely, and in the spring the plant sprouts from the buds of the underground spore organs.
Yellow foxglove - Digitalis grandifloraDigitalis grandifloraChamaephyte (low bud) – woody shrubs and permanent herbaceous plants with buds located less than 50 cm above the ground. Their buds are hidden in ground shoots covered with a layer of leaves and snow.
Frozen sunflowerField of frozen SunflowersTerophyte – annual plants surviving unfavorable season in the form of seeds.

Chlorella – Algae exists on world few billion years

Chlorella - Unicellular algae

Chlorella-vulgaris - (18-09-2014)

Chlorella-vulgaris - (12-05-2016)

Karl Henrik Oppegaard (1888–1978) - Print (1916)

Chlorella conglomerata - Alexander Petrovich Artari (1862–1919)

Chlorella – Algae exists on world few billion years

Chlorella <a>– These freshwater algae exists in the world for several billion years. Their composition is so complex that it can provide a wide range of nutrients necessary for our body. Chlorella is a rich natural source of vitamins A, B1, B6, C and E. It also contains magnesium to help maintain blood sugar levels, maintain a healthy heart, relieve nervousness, and are important for the proper functioning of muscles and nerves.</a>

<a>Chlorella is appreciated for its ability to detoxify and regulate digestion. Because it can bind toxins and carry them away from the body. It also supports the proper microflora in the intestines and cleans its walls with soluble fiber. This improves the digestion of food and the absorption of vitamins and minerals through the intestinal wall.</a>

</a>It also contains a high percentage of proteins or beta-carotene. Already in the name of the algae, shows that there is a large amount of chlorophyll, which accelerates wound healing and prevents the formation of an infectious environment. It also has a beneficial effect on the liver tissue, which it regenerates. Also interesting is the amino acid tryptophan contained in chlorella, from which serotonin is produced. In the evening, the body turns it into melatonin and that is why we fall asleep better.</a>

Green Barley – Cultivated as world’s first sweet grass

Green Barley - Field in Thuringia

Superfood - Barley field - (22-05-2015)

Green Barley - Schleswig-Holstein, Germany - (06-06-2013)

Green Barley - North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Field in hamlet Dernekamp - (27-05-2018)

Green Barley - Near Deensen, Natural park Solling-Vogler, Germany

Green Barley – Cultivated as the world’s first sweet grass

Green Barley – Evidence of the consumption of green barley sprouts can be found as early as 7,000 years ago. Cultivated as the world’s first sweet grass. Most often consumed in the form of a drink. Its effects are really wonderful. It is a rich source of vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, K) and minerals. Such as zinc, iron, calcium, but also magnesium, phosphorus and potassium. It also contains antioxidants and essential amino acids. Provides the body with valuable fiber.

It is one of the detoxifying foods that strengthens our immunity and fights infections. Due to the content of chlorophyll, vitamin B, iron and phycocyanin, it supports the growth of bone marrow and the production of white and red blood cells. Barley juice contains 4 times more calcium than milk, 22 times more iron than spinach, and as much protein as a good steak. In addition, barley restores the alkaline environment and removes acidification. Which is considered to be the main cause of civilization diseases and a weakened immune system.

Flax seeds – Known in ancient Babylon and Egypt

Flax seed


Linum usitatissimum - Osaka Museum of Natural History, Japan - (27-08-2012)

Flax seed - (01-02-2016)

Golden Flax seed - (11-10-2019)

Flax seeds – Known in ancient Babylon and Egypt

Flax seeds – The positive effects of eating flaxseeds were known in ancient Babylon and Egypt. Where they were added to food and medicines. They believed so much in the healing effects that they even gave him a royal seal and enacted law ordering regular consumption of linseed. Little is known that it contains more omega-3 fatty acids than salmon. Significantly contributes to lowering the level of harmful cholesterol in the body, protecting blood vessels and maintaining a healthy digestive tract.

The main reason people consume seeds is because of unsaturated fatty acids and phytoestrogens called lignans. Which are very similar to human hormones and support hormonal balance mainly in women. Especially during menstruation or menopause. Flaxseed is recommended to be used before childbirth, because they relax the birthing canals and help to start proper lactation. They can suppress fatigue, help with stress, and even lower cholesterol and thus the risk of stroke.

Chia seeds – Valued by ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Chia seeds - Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - (31-08-2017)

Salvia hispanica - (31-08-2017)

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans. Even the ancient Aztecs and Mayans liked to use the beneficial effects of chia seeds, which provided them with energy. Named by the Maya for “seeds”, which is an expression of strength. They are valued mainly for the high content of antioxidants that fight the effects of free radicals. They contain significant amounts of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium and iron.

Because they contain a large amount of fiber, people with weight problems use them. At the same time, they must maintain an appropriate level of hydration so that the seeds can swell. Thanks to this, they reliably remove hunger. They also contain a large proportion of proteins and essential amino acids from which the body draws its energy. The seeds stabilize blood sugar and influence the activity of the intestines. Due to the high content of healthy omega-3 fatty acids, they affect the heart, blood vessels and nerves and improve brain function. They can therefore prevent Alzheimer’s disease, psoriasis, osteoporosis and cancer.

Oat products – Pioneers in cultivation were probably the Slavs

Oat products - Oatmeal

Superfood - Uncooked oatmeal

Oat products - Oatmeal with brown sugar

Oat products - Oatmeal - (01-01-1994)

Oatmeal dish

Oat products - Oatmeal with raisins

Oat products – Pioneers in cultivation were probably the Slavs

Oat products – Interest in oat products is currently growing. The pioneers in its cultivation were probably the Slavs. It quickly became popular with the Germanic tribes, for whom it even became the main source of income and called it the grain of the gods. They made porridge which gave them physical strength and strong nerves.

Oats are also important for their content of beta-glucans, a fiber-based substance that lowers blood cholesterol and positively affects blood glucose levels. Especially appreciated by diabetics. It also contains magnesium, zinc or vitamin B. The energy from oats is also absorbed more slowly and prolongs satiety. Like other grains, it contains gluten, but in a different form. So it can be used by people who are allergic to it.

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Matcha green tea - Superfood

Matcha green tea - leaf tea and powder

Green tea Matcha - (22-04-2007)

Japanese tea - latte

Japanese cup of matcha during the tea ceremony - Hamarikyu-garden, Tokyo, Japan

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Green tea Matcha – Considered to be healthy and detoxifying. Matcha is the oldest Japanese tea. It is also used in Buddhist ceremonies. However, this special powdered green tea has other effects. It contains an amino acid called L-theanine, which is the most in matcha tea of all dishes, 100 times more than in other green teas. Thanks to the theophylline content, it stimulates our body, increases alertness and improves concentration.

Very commonly used for weight loss as it helps burn fat. Moreover, without negative side effects such as increased heart rate and high blood pressure. It also affects the activity of our brain, improving memory and concentration. It also contains other nutrients like potassium, vitamins A and C, iron, protein, and calcium. L-theanine supports the production of dopamine and serotonin hormones that improve mood.

Cranberry – Mainly used in treatment of the urinary tract

Cranberry - Franklin Farm, section of Oak Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia

Dried fruits

Cranberry - Cooking

Cranberry cake - Rosja-Novosibirsk-Olivka Cafe

Cranberry juice in a plastic cup

Cranberry – Mainly used in treatment the urinary tract

Cranberry – The health benefits of eating cranberries are well known and the Indians already knew about them. Who used it to lower fever, treat digestive problems and swellings. Especially valued for its high content of vitamins C, K and E. They also contain many minerals such as manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium and phosphorus. They also have a strong antioxidant effect.

Mainly used in treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections. This is because the substances in cranberries make it difficult for bacteria to settle on the surface of the mucous membranes. Thus preventing the infection from spreading further. They also have a very positive effect on our teeth, as they reduce tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontitis. They are also used to prevent certain types of cancer, improve the immune system, and lower blood pressure.

Goji berries – These fruits are very low in calories

Goji berries - (27-12-2008)

Hulled hemp seeds and Goji - (19-12-2015)

Goji berries - Dried wolfberry

Goji berries - Lycium-barbarum

Lycium-barbarum - (06-06-2017)

Goji berries - Lycium barbarum

Lycium_barbarum - (27-10-2017)

Wolfberries - Zhongning-County-Ningxia-China

Goji berries – These fruits are very low in calories

Goji berries – These fruits are very low in calories. Their main advantage is the large amount of vitamin C and fiber. Goji or wolfberry fruits come from China. Where they have been used for many years because of their healing effects. They have a bright red color and a pointed shape, resembling larger raisins. They taste like something between cranberry, cherry and wild rose. These berries are a very valuable source of nutrients, contain a lot of amino acids, dozens of minerals and vitamins. Thanks to these substances, wolfberries have a significant antioxidant effect.

Wolfberries are a natural source of iron and vitamin A. They acquire a red color due to their high beta-carotene content. These foods have a beneficial effect on the liver and lower blood sugar levels as well. It has also been shown to increase sexual appetite. Also used in the production of natural cosmetics.