Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms - McMurdo Station, South Antarctica

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope 40x

Diatoms - Lorella Kennedy Diatomea (silica algae)
 
 
 
Diatoms - Shell of the fossil diatom - Trinacria ariesStar stick diatomStephanopyxis grunow - Bottom view, under light microscopyWagon wheel diatom - NOAA

Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms – A component of the ocean plant plankton, diatoms are microscopic size, single-celled algae. The cell wall of these organisms is made of hard silica (noble opal, by the way), and forms a kind of box with a bottom and a lid. During reproduction by division, the new diatom takes with it a part of the “parent” shell and adds a smaller bottom to it. As a result, the next generations of these algae are getting smaller and smaller

However, the process does not last forever. When the minimum size limit is exceeded, the generally unarmored sexual generation (the so-called auxospore) appears in the sea. Which has the ability to grow unhindered – and then the cycle starts all over again …

We owe 25 percent of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere to diatoms that produce it in the process of photosynthesis. They also account for a quarter of the biomass of all seas and oceans.

Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity

Evergreen plants secrets - Tree infested by MistletoeEvergreen plants secrets - Entrance to High Castle, MalborkEvergreen plants secrets - Common ivy (Hedera helix) - Botanical Garden of University in WroclawEvergreen plants secrets - Holly in winterEvergreen plants secrets - Holly (Ilex aquifolia) plantation
 
 
 
Evergreen plants secrets - Hollies (Ilex aquifolia) - Along Westside Linear TrailHolly (Ilex aquifolia)Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)Ribes viburnifolium - Botanical Garden in El Chorro Regional ParkRibes viburnifolium - University of California - UC Davis Arboretum

Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity

Evergreen plants secrets – Retain metabolic activity – Adapting it to winter conditions. They do it, among others preventing the formation of intracellular ice crystals. Their specific structure also helps them to survive the difficult conditions.
Conifer pins are narrow, which reduces the evaporation surface and prevents water loss. In this trees, the pins covers with a thick layer of wax skin, and the buds covers with thick shells. This makes the conifers able to survive even the most severe frosts.
Green in winter also remain, among others mosses, club moss, and some shrubs, such as rhododendrons. The leaves of the latter covers a special protective layer, and additionally, on frosty and sunny days, they curl or change from horizontal to vertical. This limits the amount of light reaching them. As a result, their evaporation surface is reduced and the plant protects itself against moisture loss.

Wintering plants – Systematics of Christen Raunkiaer

Wintering plants - Life forms after Raunkiaer

Wintering plants - Raunkiaer Christen

Wintering plants - Table of Raunkiaer lifeforms

Wintering plants – The systematics of Christen Raunkiaer

Wintering plants – The systematics of Christen Raunkiaer – A classification system created by the Danish botanist Christian Raunkiaer in 1905. He divides plants according to how they survive the unfavorable season. Depending on how their buds are arranged and protected, Raunkiaer has distinguished five types:

Wintering plants - Corylus avellana male catkins in winterWintering plants - Corylus avellanaPhanerophyte (open bud) – durable plants, woody shoots with winter-hardy buds located more than 50 cm above the ground (eg trees and shrubs).
 
 
Wintering plants - Saxifraga wahlenbergii - West Tatra MountainsWintering plants - Saxifraga wahlenbergiiHemicryptophyte (ground buds) – perennials whose wintering buds are placed on the shoots near the soil surface. Live or dead leaves and snow cover protect them.
 
 
Wintering plants - Crocuses in the snowTwo Crocuses in the snowCryptophyte (cache-donuts)plants, the ground part of which dies completely, and in the spring the plant sprouts from the buds of the underground spore organs.
 
 
Yellow foxglove - Digitalis grandifloraDigitalis grandifloraChamaephyte (low bud) – woody shrubs and permanent herbaceous plants with buds located less than 50 cm above the ground. Their buds are hidden in ground shoots covered with a layer of leaves and snow.
 
Frozen sunflowerField of frozen SunflowersTerophyte – annual plants surviving unfavorable season in the form of seeds.

New Guinea Singing Dog – Canis lupus hallstromi

New Guinea Singing Dog - NGSD - 01-01-2010

New Guinea Singing Dog - NGSD

New Guinea Singing Dog - With a lot of white markings

New Guinea Singing Dog - NGSD

New Guinea Singing Dog - Looking up

New Guinea Singing Dog - puppies 3 months old
 
 

New Guinea Singing Dog - With rare black-and-tan coloration

New Guinea Singing Dog - Puppies at 28 days old

NGSDs - Tazi and Dinki

Tomsrusty - the NGSD at age 3 years old

Jonah - the NGSD - and a dog treat

Map depicting possible phylogeographic origins of dingoes

New Guinea Singing Dog NGSD – Canis lupus hallstromi

New Guinea Singing Dog NGSD – Canis lupus hallstromi – This is one of the most mysterious breeds of wild dogs. Which have been considered extinct for the last few decades. In the world, only 200-300 individuals remain in zoos and reservations. These dogs were discovered in 1957 and then they were considered a separate species. Today it is considered a separate breed that has developed over the last 6 thousand. years. They have not been observed since the 1970s, although natives have reported that they heard their distinctive singing.
In 2016, an expedition of scientists found 15 dogs of this breed living in the wild in the mountains of western New Guinea. They managed to take pictures and take faecal samples, but this did not allow for a complete genome analysis. Another expedition in 2018 gave a better result – blood samples were collected from 3 individuals. Detailed DNA analysis allowed for precise results which confirm that it is the breed most closely related to the Australian dingo. But it is definitely different from East Asian breeds such as chow-chow, akita and shiba inu. The research also revealed that the genome was partially degraded, probably by inbreeding, but also by crossbreeding with local dogs. Scientists hope that careful genome analysis may reveal the secret behind the unique singing of these animals.

Chlorella – Algae exists on world few billion years

Chlorella - Unicellular algae

Chlorella-vulgaris - (18-09-2014)

Chlorella-vulgaris - (12-05-2016)

Karl Henrik Oppegaard (1888–1978) - Print (1916)

Chlorella conglomerata - Alexander Petrovich Artari (1862–1919)

Chlorella – Algae exists on world few billion years

Chlorella – These freshwater algae exists in the world for several billion years. Their composition is so complex that it can provide a wide range of nutrients necessary for our body. Chlorella is a rich natural source of vitamins A, B1, B6, C and E. It also contains magnesium to help maintain blood sugar levels, maintain a healthy heart, relieve nervousness, and are important for the proper functioning of muscles and nerves.

Chlorella is appreciated for its ability to detoxify and regulate digestion. Because it can bind toxins and carry them away from the body. It also supports the proper microflora in the intestines and cleans its walls with soluble fiber. This improves the digestion of food and the absorption of vitamins and minerals through the intestinal wall.

It also contains a high percentage of proteins or beta-carotene. Already in the name of the algae, shows that there is a large amount of chlorophyll, which accelerates wound healing and prevents the formation of an infectious environment. It also has a beneficial effect on the liver tissue, which it regenerates. Also interesting is the amino acid tryptophan contained in chlorella, from which serotonin is produced. In the evening, the body turns it into melatonin and that is why we fall asleep better.

Green Barley – Cultivated as world’s first sweet grass

Green Barley - Field in Thuringia

Superfood - Barley field - (22-05-2015)

Green Barley - Schleswig-Holstein, Germany - (06-06-2013)

Green Barley - North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Field in hamlet Dernekamp - (27-05-2018)

Green Barley - Near Deensen, Natural park Solling-Vogler, Germany

Green Barley – Cultivated as the world’s first sweet grass

Green Barley – Evidence of the consumption of green barley sprouts can be found as early as 7,000 years ago. Cultivated as the world’s first sweet grass. Most often consumed in the form of a drink. Its effects are really wonderful. It is a rich source of vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, K) and minerals. Such as zinc, iron, calcium, but also magnesium, phosphorus and potassium. It also contains antioxidants and essential amino acids. Provides the body with valuable fiber.

It is one of the detoxifying foods that strengthens our immunity and fights infections. Due to the content of chlorophyll, vitamin B, iron and phycocyanin, it supports the growth of bone marrow and the production of white and red blood cells. Barley juice contains 4 times more calcium than milk, 22 times more iron than spinach, and as much protein as a good steak. In addition, barley restores the alkaline environment and removes acidification. Which is considered to be the main cause of civilization diseases and a weakened immune system.

Flax seeds – Known in ancient Babylon and Egypt

Flax seed

NARA-U.S.-National-Archives-and-Records-Administration

Linum usitatissimum - Osaka Museum of Natural History, Japan - (27-08-2012)

Flax seed - (01-02-2016)

Golden Flax seed - (11-10-2019)

Flax seeds – Known in ancient Babylon and Egypt

Flax seeds – The positive effects of eating flaxseeds were known in ancient Babylon and Egypt. Where they were added to food and medicines. They believed so much in the healing effects that they even gave him a royal seal and enacted law ordering regular consumption of linseed. Little is known that it contains more omega-3 fatty acids than salmon. Significantly contributes to lowering the level of harmful cholesterol in the body, protecting blood vessels and maintaining a healthy digestive tract.

The main reason people consume seeds is because of unsaturated fatty acids and phytoestrogens called lignans. Which are very similar to human hormones and support hormonal balance mainly in women. Especially during menstruation or menopause. Flaxseed is recommended to be used before childbirth, because they relax the birthing canals and help to start proper lactation. They can suppress fatigue, help with stress, and even lower cholesterol and thus the risk of stroke.

Chia seeds – Valued by ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Chia seeds - Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - (31-08-2017)

Salvia hispanica - (31-08-2017)

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans. Even the ancient Aztecs and Mayans liked to use the beneficial effects of chia seeds, which provided them with energy. Named by the Maya for “seeds”, which is an expression of strength. They are valued mainly for the high content of antioxidants that fight the effects of free radicals. They contain significant amounts of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium and iron.

Because they contain a large amount of fiber, people with weight problems use them. At the same time, they must maintain an appropriate level of hydration so that the seeds can swell. Thanks to this, they reliably remove hunger. They also contain a large proportion of proteins and essential amino acids from which the body draws its energy. The seeds stabilize blood sugar and influence the activity of the intestines. Due to the high content of healthy omega-3 fatty acids, they affect the heart, blood vessels and nerves and improve brain function. They can therefore prevent Alzheimer’s disease, psoriasis, osteoporosis and cancer.

Oat products – Pioneers in cultivation were probably the Slavs

Oat products - Oatmeal

Superfood - Uncooked oatmeal

Oat products - Oatmeal with brown sugar

Oat products - Oatmeal - (01-01-1994)

Oatmeal dish

Oat products - Oatmeal with raisins

Oat products – Pioneers in cultivation were probably the Slavs

Oat products – Interest in oat products is currently growing. The pioneers in its cultivation were probably the Slavs. It quickly became popular with the Germanic tribes, for whom it even became the main source of income and called it the grain of the gods. They made porridge which gave them physical strength and strong nerves.

Oats are also important for their content of beta-glucans, a fiber-based substance that lowers blood cholesterol and positively affects blood glucose levels. Especially appreciated by diabetics. It also contains magnesium, zinc or vitamin B. The energy from oats is also absorbed more slowly and prolongs satiety. Like other grains, it contains gluten, but in a different form. So it can be used by people who are allergic to it.

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Matcha green tea - Superfood

Matcha green tea - leaf tea and powder

Green tea Matcha - (22-04-2007)

Japanese tea - latte

Japanese cup of matcha during the tea ceremony - Hamarikyu-garden, Tokyo, Japan

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Green tea Matcha – Considered to be healthy and detoxifying. Matcha is the oldest Japanese tea. It is also used in Buddhist ceremonies. However, this special powdered green tea has other effects. It contains an amino acid called L-theanine, which is the most in matcha tea of all dishes, 100 times more than in other green teas. Thanks to the theophylline content, it stimulates our body, increases alertness and improves concentration.

Very commonly used for weight loss as it helps burn fat. Moreover, without negative side effects such as increased heart rate and high blood pressure. It also affects the activity of our brain, improving memory and concentration. It also contains other nutrients like potassium, vitamins A and C, iron, protein, and calcium. L-theanine supports the production of dopamine and serotonin hormones that improve mood.