Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician

Isaac Newton – Died 20.03.1727 (born in 1643), English physicist and mathematician.
Developed the law of universal gravity and other laws of mechanics. He formulated
the
principle of conservation
of momentum and angular momentum. He created the calculus
of variations
. 10. 12. 1684His work “De Motu Corporumabout the concept of gravity
and its effect on the orbits of the planets, referring to Kepler’s laws, was read to the
Royal Society
by Edmund Halley.

Albert Einstein – German – Jewish physicist

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein – In 14. 03. 1879. Was born German – Jewish physicist Albert Einstein,
creator the theory of relativity, which apparently seems to be devoid of applications.
However, it is a device which, without this theory would not work – a GPS receiver.
In 1921. He won the Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and
contribution to the development of theoretical physics. From the age of four he played
the violin. Elsa, his wife recalled:

As a little girl I fell in love Albert, because so beautifully played Mozart on the violin. […] “

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin - Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut in space – In 9. 03. 1934 Was born
the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, which in 12. 04. 1961 Was the first man flew into space.
He started from the Baikonur cosmodrome piloting the spacecraft Vostok 1.
After 108 minutes of flight landed by parachute in the vicinity of Saratov.
He died 27. 03. 1968. In a plane crash.

Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer

Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In
07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.