Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician
Isaac Newton – Died 20.03.1727 (born in 1643), English physicist and mathematician.
Developed the law of universal gravity and other laws of mechanics. He formulated the
principle of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. He created the calculus
of variations. 10. 12. 1684 – His work “De Motu Corporum” about the concept of gravity
and its effect on the orbits of the planets, referring to Kepler’s laws, was read to the
Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
Christian Doppler – Austrian physicist and mathematician
Christian Doppler – Died 17.03.1853 (born in 1803), Austrian physicist and mathematician.
Discoverer of the phenomenon of the impact of approaching and receding source of sound waves,
or light on its frequency.
Albert Einstein – In 14. 03. 1879. Was born German – Jewish physicist Albert Einstein,
creator the theory of relativity, which apparently seems to be devoid of applications.
However, it is a device which, without this theory would not work – a GPS receiver.
In 1921. He won the Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and
contribution to the development of theoretical physics. From the age of four he played
the violin. Elsa, his wife recalled:
“As a little girl I fell in love Albert, because so beautifully played Mozart on the violin. […] “
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut in space – In 9. 03. 1934 Was born
the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, which in 12. 04. 1961 Was the first man flew into space.
He started from the Baikonur cosmodrome piloting the spacecraft Vostok 1.
After 108 minutes of flight landed by parachute in the vicinity of Saratov.
He died 27. 03. 1968. In a plane crash.
Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer
Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In 07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.
Luigi Galvani – 12.04.1798 died L. Galvani, Italian physicist, physician and physiologist.
While anatomical studies discovered the phenomenon of electrical stimulation organs.
Thomas Alva Edison
Thomas Alva Edison – In 20.12.1880 American explorer and inventor Thomas Alva Edison,
presented the light bulb with carbon filament.
Werner Karl Heisenberg
Werner Karl Heisenberg – In 05.12.1901 was born Werner K. Heisenberg, German physicist,
philosopher, co-founder of quantum mechanics. In 1932. He won the Nobel Prize in physics,
a fundamental contribution to the creation of quantum mechanics.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Polish PhD in physics
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Polish PhD in physics – In 10.12.1903 M. Curie-Sklodowska
was the first woman to receive a PhD in physics and the Nobel Prize.