We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions
We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions – We are more willing to choose sad, troubling and full of anger songs. This phenomenon was observed by analysts from Lawrence Technological University. They used an automated system to evaluate the lyrics of the most popular songs listed on the Billboard Hot 100 list from the end of the 1950s until the end of 2016. In total, about 6,000 works were examined. The algorithm assigned each emotional value, and then the average for the whole year.
As Kathleen Napier and Lior Shamir, who analyzed this data, observed, the most optimistic, joyful songs are the oldest ones. From that time on, anger, fear and sadness began to take over to reach the apogee in 2015. Only the middle of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s breaks from this trend.
As the researchers emphasize, it does not mean that the music itself has changed
Increasing aggression in the text layer does not mean growing aggression of the creators. This is a sign that the tastes of music consumers have changed
– says Lior Shamir. –
We just want to listen such things.
Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal
Long ago forbidden – Today something completely normal:
1. Football: 4 bln fans
In the XIV century England men have to train archery,
and do not waste time on games. Effect: banning football.
England, between 1644 and 1660: the Puritans forbid festivities in days
winter solstice – already celebrated by pagans.
Year 1254: King of France Louis IX considers this strategy game
too boring and useless, so it is forbidden to think about it.
In the era of silent film popcorn is considered a cheap snack of the street people,
therefore it is banished from the “luxury” cinemas.
5. Bowling game
In the years 1366-1477 in England only aristocrats can play bowling.
You have to pay 100 pounds for running the bowling alley.
6. Trousers for women
For 214 years law prohibits Parisiennes wearing trousers.
The law finally disappears in 2013.
7. Credit cards for women
Until 1974, American women can get a credit card,
only with the consent of her husband.
8. Coffee shops
In 1675, King of England Charles II tries to forbid coffee shops – from fear
that his critics could plan a rebellion there.
In the early XX century, American cities issue regulations
with a minimum length of swimsuits.
Communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu,
forbids this game as “over-intellectualized”.
Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines in the world:
1. Football: 4 bln fans
It is practiced all over the world. In Poland, sports clubs play over 300,000 people.
2. Cricket: 2,5 bln fans
A team game based on bouncing the ball with a stick. The most popular is in Great Britain and its former colonies.
3. Field hockey: 2 bln fans
Team game is popular mainly in Western Europe, South Asia, South Africa and Australia.
4. Tennis: 1 bln fans
The History of tennis dates back to the 12th century. Its original form evolved in French … monasteries.
5. Volleyball: 900 mln fans
Volleyball is popular especially in Europe and America.
6. Table tennis: 875 mln fans
Also known as ping pong, it is played and is seen mainly in Europe and Asia.
7. Basketball: 875 mln fans
This sports discipline is particularly popular in the USA. Around 450 million people throw in the basket all over the world.
8. Baseball: 500 mln fans
Team game derived from with cricket, very popular in the United States.
9. Rugby: 475 mln fans
This discipline requiring great physical effort is mainly cultivated in the Great Britain, RSA and on the antipodes.
10. Golf: 450 mln fans
North America, Western Europe, East Asia – golf is popular primarily in developed countries.
Impact of popular social networking site
Impact of popular social networking site – Can Instagram lead to depression? Anxiety, loneliness, a negative image of your own body – these are just some of the effects of this popular social networking website on the psyche of young people. The Royal Association of Public Health in Great Britain published the report. That shows that especially Instagram and Snapchat can have a devastating effect on our self-esteem. When friends share their photos with images of expensive shopping, holidays spent with friends or personal successes. We can come to the conclusion that something is missing in our lives. Researchers indicate that the rapid increase in depression and mood disorders in recent years may be partially due to the contact with idealized images that we encounter on the web.
Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India
Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India – In some cultures people have a subordinate position in society. They slowly begin to rebel. Khasi’s people, who live in the Meghalaya region in the north-east of India, are demanding their rights. In this ethnic group, after the marriage, the man takes the wife’s surname. She enters her home and her mother-in-law rules. Women are the main heirs, almost all their assets are in their hands. They enjoy much more freedom than in the rest of the country.
“In my community, people are only useful for breeding, I feel useless.” He complained in the Indian magazine “Caravan” Keith Pariat, president of Syngkhong Rympei Thymmai (SRT), an organization fighting for the equal rights of Khasi men. They are obliged to maintain the household, but they can not decide on what money they will be spent on. Banks refuse to grant them loans because they do not have the right to make a pledge without holding property rights. All this leads to frustration and drunkenness. Which in turn makes them unattractive in the eyes of Khasi women who prefer men outside this community, so they threaten to be extinct.
Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers
1. Vatican City – The record is church enclave in Italy with an area of only 0.44 km². Official languages: Italian and … Latin.
2. Monaco – This principality, covering only 2.02 km², has an impressive population density of 18,775 people per km².
3. Nauru – The island state in the Pacific Ocean has an area of 21.3 km², so it is smaller than Zielona Góra.
4. Tuvalu – Located also in the Pacific, the archipelago occupies 26 km², and its highest point rises only 5 meters above sea level.
5. San Marino – The enclave, surrounded by Italy, has an area of 61 km² and is the oldest republic in the world.
6. Liechtenstein – It is the only country located entirely in the Alps. It has an area of 160 km², and up to 33% of its inhabitants are foreigners.
7. Marshall Islands – More than 1,200 islands included in this Pacific located country have a total area of 181 km².
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – This Caribbean federation covers 269 km². The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493.
9. Maldives – Located in the Indian Ocean, the archipelago includes 1196 islands. It has a total area of 300 km² and a height of max. 1 m above sea level.
10. Malta – This state in the Mediterranean Sea extends over an area of 316 km² (similar to Cracow) and consists of three inhabited and several uninhabited islands.