Adobe Systems – Deals with graphics software

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Adobe Systems – Deals with graphics software

Adobe Systems – One of the leading companies dealing with software in the field of computer graphics, publishing and preparation for printing. It was founded in December 1982 in San Jose by John Warnock and Charles Geschke. Their products are known all over the world. For example, Adobe Acrobat / Reader for publishing and reading PDF documents. Adobe Photoshop, where you can edit photos and create different compositions. Other known programs are Adobe Illustrator (vector graphics and illustrations) and Adobe InDesign (design and layout of a page for printing digital publications).

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD - Radeon HD-7870AMD - Ryzen 1800XAMD - Sapphire Radeon HD-7750

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices – An enterprise that manufactures processors, APUs, GPUs and chipsets. It was established on May 1, 1969 in Sunnyvale in the United States. Currently, AMD also provides APU and GPU for Playstation and Xbox consoles. A known product is, for example, Radeon graphics processors. They are mounted on Radeon and FireGL graphics cards. Other well-known companies involved in the production of graphics cards and other computer accessories are ATI and nVidia.

Intel Corporation – Largest integrated circuits manufacturer

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Intel Corporation – Largest integrated circuits manufacturer

Intel Corporation – An American company founded in 1968 is one of the largest manufacturers of semiconductor chips. It is particularly known for computer processors. They are able to release over 100 million units annually, which is about 75% of the world production. In addition to personal computer processors, they also produce PDAs, chipsets, flash memories, telecommunications chips and home multimedia devices. But there are also graphics cards in the resources.

Xerox – Known for production of copiers and printers

Xerox - logoXerox - Apple LisaXerox - Alto

Xerox – Known for production of copiers and printers

Xerox – The company, known primarily for the production of copiers and printers, was founded in 1906 in Rochester in the USA. Initially, it focused on the production of photographic paper. Chester Carlson in 1938 created the first photocopier in the laboratory. Gradually, the company began to specialize in the production of copiers. In 1956, the 914 model was released to the market. It was the first fully automatic office copier. Later, the company started cooperation with Apple. It is no secret that in 1963, Douglas Engelbart presented the design of the device, which began to be called a mouse. It was to make it easier to control a computer with a graphical interface. Xerox also produced personal computers. The most famous is Alto. Despite the revolutionary idea, the board decided not to sell the device. They invited Steve Jobs, who liked the project so much that he immediately used it in his project Lisa, which he worked on. Other known products include the 9700 laser printer, Ethernet and electronic paper known as the SmartPaper.

Commodore – Founded in 1954 by Jack Tramiel

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Commodore – Founded in 1954 by Jack Tramiel

Commodore – The company was founded in 1954 by a soldier Jack Tramiel. Initially, it dealt with the repair of typewriters. Later started to produce their own typewriters and calculators. In 1980, released the first computer under the name MicroPET, later VIC20. In the days of the greatest splendor, up to 9,000 units were sold daily. It was the first color computer that changed the general view of this technology. Among the most successful models is Commodore – C64, which was the best-selling personal computer of all time. About 25 million copies were sold in total. The company collapsed on April 29, 1994.

HP – Founded in 1939 in United States

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HP – Founded in 1939 in United States

HP – Hewlett-Packard was founded in 1939 in the American city of Palo Alto. Currently deals with information technology. It specializes in the design and production of computer hardware, software and mass storage. It is known especially as a manufacturer of printers, personal computers, scanners, notebooks and servers. Hewlett-Packard focuses primarily on home use, small and medium sized offices and public administration. Since 1990, expanded the product line with computers to scientific university research. Hewlett-Packard is one of the largest personal computer retailers in the world. Even managed to outdo Dell. It can boast over one billion clients in over 170 countries. It is also the leader among ink manufacturers of one and multi-functional printers. This is confirmed by the number of such devices produced weekly. A million printers in such a short time are not enough. HP employs approximately 321 thousand employees around the world.

IBM – International Business Machines Corporation

IBM - IBM PC 1981 - Museum (Frankfurt, Germany)IBM - ThinkPad X20IBM - Superfast computer(U.S. Department of Energy - Science)

IBM – International Business Machines Corporation

IBM – International Business Machines Corporation, also known under the pseudonym Big Blue, was founded on June 16, 1911. Initially, the company was involved in the production of everyday items, such as scales, meat slicers and other appliances. From 1924, was involved in the production of equipment for perforated cards. Later, the company devoted itself to information technology. Produced and sold computer equipment, software and services. With assets of USD 120.4 billion and 355,776 employees, it is today one of the largest companies in the world. Her main achievements include the creation of a compact IBM PC in 1981. These devices have become the most popular type of microcomputers on the electronics market. Their success ensured not only a low price, but also a high degree of compatibility. In 2004, IBM stopped producing computers. The last step was the sale of ThinkPad notebooks to the Chinese company Lenovo.

Atari – Founded in 1972 by N.Bushnell and T.Dabney

Atari-800 - Computer 8-bitAtari-2600 - Console (black)Atari-2600 - Console

Atari – Founded in 1972 by N. Bushnell and T. Dabney

Atari – Company founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, was a pioneer in the field of computer games. In the 1980s, it belonged to the most important manufacturers of personal computers and computer games. The Pong game was the first video game console to be connected to TV. It subscribed to history thanks to game consoles such as Atari 2600 or the revolutionary 64-bit Atari Jaguar console. It also created one of the first portable Atari Lynx gaming consoles. Among the personal computers, the hit was the 16-bit Atari ST computer system, and later the 8-bit versions of Atari 400/800 / XL / XE, which production lasted until 1992. Four years later, the company was in crisis and the brand Atari was slowly disappearing.
In 2000, the company was taken over by the French company Infogrames. Under the Atari brand, several games have been released. However, on January 21, 2013, the company officially declared bankruptcy.

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis - Southern MexicoRicinus communis - Botanic Garden (Frankfurt, Germany)Ricinus communis - Venezuela
 
 
 
 
 
Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (1)Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (2)

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis – It probably comes from the north of Africa. It is a 10-meter tall plant that enjoys great popularity in gardening.

  • Deadly dose: 15 – 20 seeds
  • Death: to 1 week
  • Poison: ricin
  • Aftermath: renal, liver and spleen failure
  • Where it grows: in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world
  • Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred

The most dangerous are the bars of its seeds, about 6,000 times more aggressive than cyanide. Causes agglutination of red blood cells and damages the liver, kidneys and spleen. The first symptoms are similar to a cold, followed by headaches, mouth burning, vomiting and internal bleeding. It gradually attacks the entire human circulatory system.

History of the plant:
Castor oil is squeezed from the seeds, from which soap, ointments, drops or perfumes are made. Apparently Cleopatra applied it to her eyes to have a “wider perspective”. In 1978, a Bulgarian secret interview was used to murder the writer and journalist Georgie Markov, who after several days of the fight for his life died of kidney failure in a London hospital.

Colchicum autumnale – Protected and very poisonous

Colchicum autumnale - Jena, Germany (16-09-2007)Colchicum autumnale (1)Colchicum autumnale (2)Colchicum autumnale (3)

Colchicum autumnale – Protected and very poisonous

Colchicum autumnale – It belongs to protected as well as very poisonous plants.

  • Deadly dose: 20 – 40 mg (5 – 10 seeds)
  • Death: to 4 days
  • Poison: colchicine
  • Aftermath: paralysis, pulmonary edema, renal failure
  • Where it grows: Southern and Western Europe
  • Occurrence in Poland: yes

One flower contains more than 20 alkaloids, the most dangerous of which is colchicine and its derivatives. Thanks to the appropriate dosage, they can be used for treatments of cancers. Medicinal products for rheumatism, ascites and kidney diseases are produced from wintering seeds. However, if you carelessly handle (for example when confusing with wild garlic leaves), poisoning may occur. Fowl and goat’s milk may also be dangerous. The first symptoms of taking harmful substances appear after 2 – 6 hours after ingestion. At the beginning you can observe mouth burning, vomiting or cramps. Without proper help, a man can die.