Truck height record – Zetros 4×4 at the top of volcano

Truck height record - Mercedes-Benz Zetros - Ojos del Salado, ChileTruck height record - Mercedes-Benz ZetrosTruck height record - Mercedes-Benz Zetros 4x4

Truck height record – Zetros 4×4 at the top of volcano

Truck height record – When on the steep slope of the Ojos del Salado volcano, Matthias Jeschke turns off the engine, the GPS shows 6675 meters above sea level. Never before has a truck reached such a height – it is a new world record. The oxygen content in the air here is about 50% lower than in the valleys. What makes the efficiency of the engine and driver relentlessly decreases with every meter. The air becomes rarer. An adventurer, his team and their Zetros 4×4 vehicle, built to special order by Mercedes-Benz. They have fourteen days and nights of climbing behind them, or, more accurately, climbing to the top. To be able to reach that far, Jeschke, who is an engineer, worked for almost a year with a 11-tonne car. He installed, among others halogen spotlights on the roof – He installed, among others halogen spotlights on the roof – indispensable in the Andes in dark nights. In addition, he equipped the car with an extremely strong rope hoist. He founded new, ultra-strong, specialist Alliance Agri-Transport 390HD tires. Mounted on 57 centimeter rims. The Zetros truck engine uses up to 90 liters of diesel per 100 km in the mountains.

Bowling game – One of the oldest sports of world

Bowling game - Bowling ball looking good for a strikeBowling game - Bowling joyBowling game - Bowling ball

Bowling game – One of the oldest sports of world

Bowling game – As with most games, the exact beginning date of the bowling game is unknown. It is assumed that it has roots in the Stone Age and is associated with the creation of man. The first discovered instruments for this game come from Egypt, and they were found in 1932 by the expedition of the British Egyptologist Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942). Among the things buried with a small boy was found a stone ball, which was probably thrown in nine stone bowling pins. Their age was estimated at 5,200 years BC. But even if Petrie was not right, bowling is still one of the oldest sports in the world. Today it is played in not 90 countries around the world, the number of players is around 100 million a year.

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus - Saguaro National Park, Rincon ValleyGiant Saguaro cactus - Sentinel Peak, Tucson, ArizonaGiant Saguaro cactus - Arizona - Saguaro Cactus
 
 
 
 
 
Giant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Sonora, MexicoGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei with osprey nestGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Rancho Punta Estrella, San Felipe, California, Mexico

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus – It’s a symbol of American desert landscapes. Fascinates with its uniqueness both locals and tourists. Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea), is the only representative of the genus Carnegiea, the highest cactus in the world. It reaches a height of 20 meters and is a decoration of desert scenery, especially Sonora and other parts of Arizona and California. Although it is not an endangered species, America is particularly concerned about its protection.
In the first place classification of the highest cactus in the world is a 150-year-old giant carnival, which grew in Arizona and reached the height of 23.8 meters. This admirable cactus fell victim to unfavorable weather conditions in 1986. Although it is still an invincible record holder, some species are trying to catch up with him. For example, the leader of the genus Pachycereus pringlei, reached 19.2 meters.

Most famous fake news of world – 80 years old

Most famous fake news of world - Orson Welles-Caesar Stage(1938)Most famous fake news of world - Orson Welles-CBS Radio Studio(1938)Most famous fake news of world - Orson Welles-Studio(1938)

Most famous fake news of world – 80 years old

Most famous fake news of world – Though they are talked about rather recently, fake news is as old as journalism itself. On 30 October 2018, the most famous of them celebrated the 80th birthday! We’re talking about Orson Welles’s radio play ‘War of the Worlds’, which in 1938 on the occasion of Halloween celebrated broadcasting the CBS station. The live broadcast proved so convincing that the Americans believed in the Martian invasion and … panicked. In thousands of police stations, telephones rang – citizens demanded intervention and asked how to survive the war with aliens. At least that’s how the whole story was presented in the newspapers, although in reality it was … another fake news. Mass hysteria did not break out at all – the press tried only to discredit its new competitor: radio

Impact of popular social networking site

Impact of popular social networking site - Instagram icon

Impact of popular social networking site

Impact of popular social networking site – Can Instagram lead to depression? Anxiety, loneliness, a negative image of your own body – these are just some of the effects of this popular social networking website on the psyche of young people. The Royal Association of Public Health in Great Britain published the report. That shows that especially Instagram and Snapchat can have a devastating effect on our self-esteem. When friends share their photos with images of expensive shopping, holidays spent with friends or personal successes. We can come to the conclusion that something is missing in our lives. Researchers indicate that the rapid increase in depression and mood disorders in recent years may be partially due to the contact with idealized images that we encounter on the web.

Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India

Men's emancipation - Khasi GirlsMen's emancipation - Khasi - Artistic showMen's emancipation - Public information campaign in the Meghalaya district, India (21.09.2013)

Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India

Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India – In some cultures people have a subordinate position in society. They slowly begin to rebel. Khasi’s people, who live in the Meghalaya region in the north-east of India, are demanding their rights. In this ethnic group, after the marriage, the man takes the wife’s surname. She enters her home and her mother-in-law rules. Women are the main heirs, almost all their assets are in their hands. They enjoy much more freedom than in the rest of the country.

“In my community, people are only useful for breeding, I feel useless.” He complained in the Indian magazine “Caravan” Keith Pariat, president of Syngkhong Rympei Thymmai (SRT), an organization fighting for the equal rights of Khasi men. They are obliged to maintain the household, but they can not decide on what money they will be spent on. Banks refuse to grant them loans because they do not have the right to make a pledge without holding property rights. All this leads to frustration and drunkenness. Which in turn makes them unattractive in the eyes of Khasi women who prefer men outside this community, so they threaten to be extinct.

Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers

Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers

 
Worlds smallest countries - Vatican City - panoramaWorlds smallest countries - Vatican City - panorama (2)Worlds smallest countries - Vatican City - panorama (3) - Pope Francis in the window
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Vatican City – The record is church enclave in Italy with an area of only 0.44 km². Official languages: Italian and … Latin.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Monaco - StadiumWorlds smallest countries - Monaco - Panorama, 2015Worlds smallest countries - Monaco - map
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Monaco – This principality, covering only 2.02 km², has an impressive population density of 18,775 people per km².

 
Worlds smallest countries - Nauru - mapWorlds smallest countries - Nauru-parliamentWorlds smallest countries - View of Nauru (NOAA)
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Nauru – The island state in the Pacific Ocean has an area of 21.3 km², so it is smaller than Zielona Góra.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Tuvalu - Inaba (1)Worlds smallest countries - Tuvalu - Inaba (2)Worlds smallest countries - Tuvalu - Inaba (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Tuvalu – Located also in the Pacific, the archipelago occupies 26 km², and its highest point rises only 5 meters above sea level.

 
Worlds smallest countries - San Marino - Panorama (1)Worlds smallest countries - San Marino 2008 - Panorama (2)Worlds smallest countries - San Marino - Panorama (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. San Marino – The enclave, surrounded by Italy, has an area of 61 km² and is the oldest republic in the world.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Liechtenstein - BalzersWorlds smallest countries - Liechtenstein - 2017.07.16Worlds smallest countries - Liechtenstein - Castle Of Gutenberg, Balzers
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Liechtenstein – It is the only country located entirely in the Alps. It has an area of 160 km², and up to 33% of its inhabitants are foreigners.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Marshall Islands - Photo from Bikrin IslandWorlds smallest countries - Marshall IslandsWorlds smallest countries - Marshall Islands - At Gugeegue Islands Northern Point Looking South
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Marshall Islands – More than 1,200 islands included in this Pacific located country have a total area of 181 km².

 
Worlds smallest countries - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Caribbean CruiseWorlds smallest countries - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Caribbean Cruise, 2016.02 (2)Worlds smallest countries - Saint Kitts and Nevis - North Frigate Bay - View from Timothy Hill - Panorama
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – This Caribbean federation covers 269 km². The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Maldives - 2008.10.24 - PanoramaWorlds smallest countries - MaldivesWorlds smallest countries - Maldives, Kandooma - Panorama (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Maldives – Located in the Indian Ocean, the archipelago includes 1196 islands. It has a total area of 300 km² and a height of max. 1 m above sea level.

 
Worlds smallest countries - Malta - PanoramaWorlds smallest countries - Malta - The Spur TowerWorlds smallest countries - Malta - Valletta at night
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Malta – This state in the Mediterranean Sea extends over an area of 316 km² (similar to Cracow) and consists of three inhabited and several uninhabited islands.

Our planet composition – What is inside the Earth?

Our planet composition - Earth crust - cutaway

Our planet composition – What is inside the Earth?

Our planet composition – Crust, mantle and core. In this abbreviated way one could characterize three layers of Earth, which were created at the beginning of its existence.

  • Lithosphere – Top layer of Earth, which is in direct interaction with other terrestrial spheres, such as the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.
  • Crust – It consists of the oceanic and earth’s crust. The thickness of the earth’s reaches up to 70 kilometers. The oceanic is thinner and its thickness varies between five and ten kilometers.
  • Conrad’s discontinuity – Horizontal surface of the discontinuity in the earth’s crust that forms the transition between the upper and lower layers. Its depth varies in different types of crust from 5 to 30 km.
  • Mohorovićic’s discontinuity – A layer that geologically defines the passage of the earth’s crust and upper mantle. Occurs in 20-90 kilometers deep under continents, and 10-20 kilometers under the oceans.
  • Earth’s mantle – Layer consisting of upper and lower mantle. The upper reaches the depth of 90 kilometers. The lower one is assigned a depth of 650 km to the Earth’s core, and therefore approximately 2,900 km.
  • Repetti’s discontinuity – The area between the upper and the lower mantle.
  • Gutenberg’s discontinuity – Part of the Earth’s envelope, which is assigned at depth of 2,900 kilometers. Below it is the core of the Earth.
  • Core – Geosphere, located in the center of the Earth. It starts at depth of 2,900 kilometers below the surface and covers approximately 31% of the Earth’s mass, with iron and nickel being the largest part of it. The core is twice as heavy as the Earth’s mantle and consists of a semi-internal inner core, which, among other things, creates the Earth’s magnetic field.